Dr. Preeti Tandon
(Specialist Obstetrics & Gynaecology Laparoscopic & Robotic Surgeon. )

MBBS, MD(Obs/Gynae), F.MAS(Laparoscopic Surgeon), FICOG
Diploma in Adv Gynae Endoscopy (France), Certified Robotic Surgery Training (USA).

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Menstrual Disorder Management

PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome) is a situation that affects women. It is developed because of an imbalance in woman’s sex hormones which may lead to:

  • Menstrual cycle changes - irregular periods or no periods
  • Skin problems such as acne, oily skin
  • Abnormal hair growth on the face and body
  • Excessive loss of hair on head
  • Trouble getting pregnant
  • Overweight, rapid increase in weight, causing difficulty losing weight.
  • Depression and many mood swings

The symptoms may rely on the particular condition from woman to woman. Some women have mild symptoms, while others are affected severely by a wider range of symptoms.
PCOS affects up to 20 percent of women. The cause is not yet known. It may be genetic since women with PCOS are likely to have a mother or sister with PCOS. Most of the women are usually diagnosed in their twenties and thirties or 30s, or sometimes when they are teenagers. Tips to deal with PCOS

 

  • Adopt healthy eating habits. By eating a moderate diet in carbohydrates and refined sugars you can help to control or reverse the imbalances of glucose and insulin in your body that cause pcos symptoms to increase.

Choose better fats: limit foods that include some saturated and trans fats. instead of these choose smaller amounts of healthy unsaturated fats, which can be traced in vegetable oils like canola and olive oil, avocado and
Increase Fibre: Increase the fiber content in your body: Eating more fiber can maintain blood sugar levels and lower cholesterol level
Enjoy Protein: Make sure that you rich protein diet at every meal and snack. Instead of always choosing meat, try chicken, turkey or fish. Try some vegetarian options such as legumes, soy or a quarter cup of nuts or seeds. Milk and low fat yogurt can be also be included in diet as rich sources of protein.
Foods to Limit: Choose fewer foods that are high in sugar, salt ,refined flour and fat such as: white rice, pasta or bread, baked goods ,regular soda, candy &chocolate and salty snacks.

  • Fit exercise into your daily routine. Exercise has always been a perfect way to boost metabolism and burn calories which helps to control insulin levels and, in turn, results in weight loss. Exercise is also very helpful to fight against diabetes, a health risk for women in PCOS. Take exercise regularly (30 minutes at least three times a week). Start with 10 minutes of activity and work up to longer times as your body adjusts.

  • Avoid stimulants. Avoid coffee or other stimulants

  • Get regular physical exams. Women with PCOS always posses a greater risk of developing cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and some forms of cancer. They are also more likely to get effected from high blood pressure and/or high cholesterol. Meeting frequently with your doctor to monitor and treat these issues will keep you fit with the immunity to fight precautions.

  • Women with PCOS are considered more susceptible experiencing depression and mood swings. Do something else that you really enjoy doing.

  • Ask questions.
    With PCOS, there is not a single solution to control the disease alone. Symptoms vary with each person so you really need to discuss with your gynecologist.

  • Get help if you are depressed.
  • Maintain a positive attitude.

 

Medical treatments which are to manage and reduce the symptoms or consequences of having PCOS. Medication alone has not been shown to be any better than healthy lifestyle changes like excessive weight loss and exercise).